0000003194 00000 n Progressive Dairy magazine combines current news and events, market reports and industry trends with dairy management and production articles, publishing information dairy producers can rely on to help serve their farms’ needs. If you are having problems logging in please use the Contact Us in the lower right hand corner of the forum page for assistance. The main advantage of Teff is its ability to produce high quality hay in a relatively short growing season. Annual rainfall total and 30-year averages for “wet” y Hay and pasture land topsoil moisture is rated as 19 per cent adequate, 37 per cent short and 44 per cent very short. Estimated annual yields per acre are: Timothy-Legume Hay 7.0 tons Sweet Corn 9.5 tons Spring Wheat 90 bushels Sudan Grass Hay 7.0 tons Alfalfa Hay 6.25 tons Estimated average prices for crops to the farmer are: Timothy-Legume Hay First cutting Second cutting Sweet Corn Hard Red Spring Wheat Alfalfa Sudan Grass Hay $115.00/ton $85.00/ton When timothy is the major component in hay, its stage of maturity affects both yield and quality. in 1955 people would pay $0.50/bale of corn shucks, but would not pay $0.75/bale of alfalfa hay. The protocol for in-season nitrogen assessments and recommendations were developed for two growth stages. Michigan hay prices were good in 2017, and a one-ton increase of average quality alfalfa hay yield was worth $130 to 160/acre. For us here in the Midwest, a mixed grass/legume hay can yield anywhere from one to five tons per acre for a full season. Steve Norberg, Don Llewellyn, Steve Fransen and Shannon Neibergs for Progressive Forage Grower, Determining nitrogen needs in timothy hay production, Wheatlage becoming popular in the Texas High Plains, How a forage 'uh-oh' turns into award-winning haylage, AFIA releases updated Feed Manufacturing Technology in online format, Poll: Producers prioritize equipment investments for 2021, Improving bunk life improves your bottom line, What do you prioritize in the winter? HERE locally hay can clear more per acre than corn or cotton. They receive an additional 50 pounds per acre of nitrogen after the first cutting. They receive an additional 50 pounds per acre of nitrogen after the first cutting. Seeding depth of timothy should be about 0.3 to 1.3 cm (0.125 to 0.5 in). bales, which generates 165 bales per acre. Email Don LlewellynemailProtector.addCloakedMailto("ep_e5f5d843", 1); . (%) (%) (%) This research was gratefully funded and supported by the Washington State Hay Growers Association, WSU BIOAg program and the International Plant Nutrition Institute. startxref Table 1. In the West it may take 2 or 3 years, far longer than for timothy, orchardgrass, or tall fescue, before a smooth bromegrass stand has matured to a sustained yield. #��� �W8��� �#�^��e�v���v'Y1�k�d�]x�J-*Q�"e�fl��������;�E��?� Timothy hay in the Pacific Northwest is primarily grown for export to Japan to be used for feed in dairy herds. It is important to realize that hay produced ... Lower yields and shorter stand life results in higher production costs of timothy hay, so it is generally appropriate only for high-value hay markets (such as the horse hay market). These SPAD units are compared to an over-nitrogen-fertilized strip in the field and relative chlorophyll units (RCM) are calculated (field reading/overfertilized strip reading = RCM) with at least 20 measurements taken from both sites. Progressive Cattle magazine captures the essence of the cattle producer and ranching experience. And one of those cuttings of grass was pretty crappy due to lack of irrigation water. Fertilizer and Nutrient Management of Timothy Hay Timothy has a relatively high demand for nutrients. He was talking about working the “carriage trade”, horse folks with extra money, They want small square bales, not 1000 pound round bales full of dust. Gj 2d���V��d��]#\���\�2Mi>�� ���˨@u)�r�I!QU\��C7��j�F9�Z� ������}��m&�����(Zu�@F�������(} �(Q����C�2k�4��v�� ��F��A������Pa.������6�&+t*R�}5@h�?!���_����P��DŴg&�K��"��0C�׎���`-14ȶ��m�pm�f�n�pӡ����s���m.AIMB؉W��J�yR7��5����pH���-��!���r�pl5��0? 0000001221 00000 n 0000001456 00000 n Each day alfalfa harvest is delayed results in 5 pts RFV loss – at a value of $9.00 per acre (assuming $0.90 per pt RFV on 2-ton yield of first cutting). Average yield was estimated at 2.05 tons per acre… One of these opportunities is hay farming. Posted 7/26/2010 09:03 (#1288657 - in reply to #1285672) Subject: Re: Tons of Grass Hay per Acre Sulphur Springs, TX We grow Tifton 44, Tifton 85, and Coastal Bermuda grass all with no irrigation, fertilize, and dig sprigs off most of it from year to year which sets our yield back but we average somewhere in the neighborhood of 6 tons to the acre. Apply 50 to 60 lb of N per acre in the spring when the timothy starts to become gree… NASS publications cover a wide range of subjects, from traditional crops, such as corn and wheat, to specialties, such as mushrooms and flowers; from calves born to hogs slaughtered; from agricultural prices to land in farms. Gross revenues for this crop range from $216 to $315 per acre. Since timothy’s root system only reaches 2 feet and most of the roots are in the first foot, recommendations for nitrogen and other nutrients will likely be different than other grass hay crops. Meadow bromegrass is grown for hay and pasture on dryland and under irrigation in the West. endstream endobj 163 0 obj <>/Size 152/Type/XRef>>stream Average hay yields on dry land are reported as 1.2 tons per acre (alfalfa), 1.1 tons per acre (alfalfa/brome and wild hay), 1.0 tons per acre (other tame hay) and 1.9 tons per acre (greenfeed). For me gross income per production acre is about 200$ but net profit has been working out to 1$ per year the last couple of years. Then to get the animals to eat the corn shucks they had to pour molasses over the hay plus give them cotton seed meal so they could digest all that fiber. H�|W]��6|�_�G�0�Z�-ۇ �ݙM.���!�@K��IT(Ɏ��_5I}�#��b��쮮�.~�=|��~���oO����O�O������X=|��,`���|�/|L} An average yield of 2.26 tonnes per acre was assumed. Previous research has shown that on corn, the nitrogen status can be instantaneously assessed in the field using soil plant analysis development (SPAD) units to determine optimum fertilization. Timothy yield peaked around 5 tons per acre with 80 to 120 pounds nitrogen per acre treatment depending on the year. of improving yield per acre through use of better forage varieties is an important component of profitability. The magazine is published monthly with a sizeable portion of articles unique to Canadians. Commodity Planted All Purpose Acres Harvested Acres Yield Production Price per Unit Value of Production in Dollars; CORN: CORN, GRAIN: 1,450,000: 169 BU / ACRE Commodity Planted All Purpose Acres Harvested Acres Yield Production Price per Unit Value of Production in Dollars; APPLES: APPLES, UTILIZED: 7,220,000,000 LB Operating Costs Your Cost 1.01 Seed Establish 2.0 lbs/acre x $4.00 $/lb + $3.00 applicator rental ($/acre) = $11.00 $ /acre 1.02 Fertilizer Nitrogen 20 lbs/acre seeding Establish x $0.33 cost/lb seeding = $6.60 $ /acre ... Table 1 — Dry matter yields, in tons dry matter per acre, of timothy seeded at three locations. In the lower Columbia Basin, researchers have received yields up to 10 tons per acre per year in three cuttings, but most farmers get two cuttings and receive around 5 to 7 tons per acre per year. Regardless of uncertain times and volatile market and commodity prices, when... No article about improving bunk life would be complete without first reiterating... Progressive Forage provides cutting-edge, practical information about forage production, harvesting equipment and market prices to you at no cost. In our mixed hay field, on good soils, we plan on four tons per acre, with half or more of that in the first cutting and the remainder in second, third, and sometimes even fourth cuttings. Being a … Our maximum yield, averaged across locations and years, was 5.25 tons per acre for first cutting and was consistently associated with soil + fertilizer at 190 pounds nitrogen per acre. Two in-season tools developed include a leaf tissue test and a chlorophyll meter test. 0000002965 00000 n Well fertilized fields will yield 100 to 150 bales per acre per cut. Since both chlorophyll and tissue tests were taken one week apart and differences existed, it is important to determine the correct growth stage when making a recommendation. per bale = 62 bales/ac. They receive an additional 50 pounds per acre of nitrogen after the first cutting. Shannon Niebergs is an associate professor with Washington State University – Pullman. Under excellent moisture conditions or irrigation and when supplied with the optimum nutrients, timothy is capable of producing yields in the range of 5 to 6 tons/acre, typically 3 to 3.5 tons for first cut and 1.5 to 2 tons for second. At a price of $3.50 per bushel for corn, he says that amounts to a profit of $129 per acre if there are no costs associated with the land. In western Oregon, low productivity hay pastures typically average around 2 tons, or 4,000 lbs. Profit was maximized when using the SPAD meter 0.85 RCM at the vegetative stage. Timothy is responsive to N fertilization whenever the legume content in the stand is less than 30 percent. ... Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. • Other hay: Production in 2017 totaled 76.4 million tons, down less than 1 percent from the revised 2016 total. Annual rainfall total and 30-year averages for “wet” y Production trends and demand. Harvested area, at 37.2 million acres, was up 2 percent from the previous year. xref 4,000 lb./65 lb. With contributors including freelance writers, extension specialists and allied industry partners, the leading-edge content is balanced and promotes the best in the forage industry. Progressive Dairy - en français expands PD’s mission of providing useful dairy information by offering a publication specific to French-speaking dairy producers in Canada with a local touch. Differences in government policies and climate make Progressive Dairy – Canada useful to subscribers up north. Before fertilizer application, soil was tested at 1-foot increments to determine how many pounds of nitrogen were available. Plants capture two wavelengths of light: the visible spectrum red and blue, and they reflect green light, which makes the plants appear green. The crop yield used in this study is 6.25 tons per acre annually with 4.0 tons the first cutting and 2.0 tons in the second cutting and 1/4 ton for grazing. Each day alfalfa harvest is delayed results in 5 pts RFV loss – at a value of $9.00 per acre (assuming $0.90 per pt RFV on 2-ton yield of first cutting). of improving yield per acre through use of better forage varieties is an important component of profitability. Trial results indicate 20-30% yield increases over Clair, Climax and many other timothy varieties. As a rotation crop for timothy hay fields, ... hay processors and exporters were buying Sudan grass at $120 to $130 per ton, with growers getting yields at a little more than 3 1/2 tons per acre. Rates up to 150 seeds/sq foot will give faster initial ground cover but no more yield. x�bb�f`b``Ń3�� 0 =< Excellent fields might produce 7 tons per acre and bales might be packed tighter and weigh 85 lb each: 14,000 lb./ 85 lb. tons/acre, depending on the length of the growing season. These two wavelengths of light are captured in chlorophyll molecules, which are part of the plants’ photosystems where photosynthesis occurs. with alfalfa at 10 pounds per acre for hay rather than in pure stands at 20 pounds per acre. Factors influencing yield. The yield depends on location, fertilization, plant species, plant age, moisture content and how tightly the bales are packed. Hay farming (Boma Rodhes Hay) has slowly risen to be a very profitable business in Kenya. It established a very nice dense stand-without much competition from other grasses. The profit calculation was based on a timothy hay price of $225 per ton and $0.50 per pound of actual nitrogen price for urea with a urease inhibitor. The yield (shown as tons dry matter per acre) range in the seeding year (spring seeding) from the high and low variety in 2005, 2004, and 2003 was 4.6 vs. 3.9, 2.4 vs. 1.6, and 4.4 vs. 3.2, respectively. That's per year with more than one cutting per season. It is one of the most productive cool-season grasses, tolerant to shade, fairly drought resistant with moderate winter hardiness. You can expect yields of 4 or more tons of dry matter per acre under certain conditions. 2017 Conditions. KY-Early provide more timothy per acre … A Michigan State University Extension fertilizer demonstration in Chippewa County on old-stand, timothy/trefoil hay resulted in yields ranging from 1.5 dry tons per acre (no fertilizer) to 3.1 dry tons per acre (full fertilizer rate recommended by MSU Soil and Plant Nutrient Laboratory). 0000001928 00000 n Pure timothy fields, which are cut twice per year and yield about 5 tons per acre, are hit with 100 pounds of nitrogen, 20 pounds of phosphorus, and 80 pounds of potassium per acre in early spring. [4.0 tons x (100% - 15% moisture)] = 3.4 tons … %%EOF Each day soybean planting is delayed results in about 0.5 bu/a lost yield – at a value of $2.5 to $3.00 per acre. A. Timothy hay is a very profitable cash crop produced on an estimated170,000 acres in Pennsylvania. Hay buyers never change. Land was valued at $400 per acre. Statewide, average alfalfa hay yields on dryland are about 1.2 tons per acre, and 3.4 tons per acre … Steve Fransen is a forage specialist with Washington State University – Prosser. 0000000556 00000 n Orchardgrass does not exhibit as much tolerance to drought or winter hardiness as tall fescue and bromegrass. Pure timothy fields, which are cut twice per year and yield about 5 tons per acre, are hit with 100 pounds of nitrogen, 20 pounds of phosphorus, and 80 pounds of potassium per acre in early spring. FG. When put in these economic terms, the decision should be clear. Our team set out to make the system work on timothy and use fertigation to correct deficiencies, since many of the fields are under center pivots. Forage Realistic Yield Potential Crops Yield Units Realistic Yields/Acre Alfalfa tons 4-6 Bahiagrass tons 3-5 Bahiagrass with Legume tons 3-5 Clovers (all) tons 2-4 Common Bermudagrass (pasture) tons 3-5 Common Bermudagrass / with Legume (pasture) tons 3-5 Eastern Gamagrass tons 6-8 Hybrid Bermudagrass (hay) tons 5-6 Yield for hay here would be about 100 square bales per acre in the best conditions with the highest yielding type of hay with generous fertilizer. The SPAD meter measures how much red light at 650 nm is absorbed by the sample and how much transmission of infrared light (which is not visible) at 940 nm, at which no absorption occurs and gives a greenness measurement (SPAD unit). Second cutting of timothy hay was under way off Sorenson and Badger Pocket ... processors and growers contacted said the first cutting appears to about average in yield, 4 to 4 1/2 tons per acre. The second assessment timing is when the stem is approximately 20 inches tall and coincides with timothy in early boot (RCM boot). <]>> A firm, weed-free seedbed is a key to a successful planting. The first growth stage, and most accurate assessment, is when the timothy crop is vegetative and has a stem elongated 6 inches in length (RCM veg. production can be increased even further, reaching production of about 3/4 acre of pasture per cow/calf pair. I love endangered critters and had it in mind to buy a 40 to 60 acre piece of land in northern nevada (grassy not desert) and breed san clemente goats and sulfur horses, but there lies the rub- feed. The optimum nitrogen fertilizer rate was dependent on soil nitrogen levels at the beginning of the season. Total Cost per Acre $113.88 $116.56 $108.37 $105.46 $103.45 Total Cash Cost per Acre $32.20 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 * Total costs for each pasture system and hay have been calculated to include ownership costs of machinery and land (including a return on investment) as well as a charge for labor. At a price of $3.50 per bushel for corn, he says that amounts to a profit of $129 per … Calibration of the SPAD and fine-tuning tissue testing for other forage crops may help producers to be more profitable and environmentally sound in producing forage for livestock. growing season, falling only slightly due to high production in Wisconsin This likely occurred from wet conditions (especially per bale = 165 bales. Results for relative chlorophyll measurements are related to the amount of chlorophyll in the samples tested, which is correlated with the nitrogen status of the plant – and ultimately the field if you test enough plants. x�b```b``~�����������b,@��@A�ÍD����,�A�A��+K����D�XT ����\���j�xx&nc�X�}���N��e` ^��L�l!��!|N�C�6T�c"5� e�� The optimum nitrogen fertilizer treatment corresponded with a protein level of 9 percent in the hay at harvest. Otherwise, they will risk losses and will not know if they need to change their methods to increase their yield. Alfalfa Field (dairy quality hay) Equation: Estimated 4 tons per acre yield of 16% moisture hay at $200 per ton = $800 per acre value for all three cuttings; minus buyer’s cost of harvest and weather risk at $324 per acre assuming three cuttings (Table 1); equals the buyer’s maximum pay price: $476 per acre for three cuttings ($800 - $324 = $476). 0000000784 00000 n Email Shannon NiebergsemailProtector.addCloakedMailto("ep_f70dc88a", 1);. Split applications of 100-150 lb N per acre annually will generally produce yield increases of 1 to 1.5 tons per acre. I've heard some really conflicting info about the average hay yields and cutting times for timothy and orchard grass. Hay is normally cut and baled twice each growing season. one acre of hay will give you 200-250 bales per season. 164 0 obj <>stream Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a bunch-type, tall-growing, cool-season perennial grass. That's with 3 cuttings of the grass hay and 4 cuttings of the alfalfa. No hay fed, but ground feed. Hay prices remained stable during the . Research was conducted at Prosser and Othello, Washington locations in 2013 and 2014. Grand Rapids Rosemount Morris … All editorial content for Progressive Forage is driven by one primary goal – to provide informational resources that ensure success for forage producers. With the increase of zero grazing dairy farms, hay farming profit per acre as been increasing over the years. Teff’s high yield during the summer months is an advantage over cool season grasses such as Timothy, which normally have poor production following the spring harvest (Table1). Assist forage producers in improving profitability and efficiency. Light can be broken down into different wavelengths – of which a part is in the visible spectrum; that is how we see colors – and is measured in nanometers (nm). 0000000962 00000 n Neighbor has one horse on a 5 acre pasture, unfertilized, and it keeps up with grazing the grass down. 2017 Conditions. Provide forward-thinking forage producers with practical, unbiased, researched forage articles to educate and inform. 0 Common seeding rates are 3 to 6 pounds per acre when seeded alone and 1 to 3 pounds per acre when seeded in mixtures. Email Steve NorbergemailProtector.addCloakedMailto("ep_7dc8a0ef", 1);. Hybrid Bermudagrass (hay) tons 5-6 Hybrid Bermudagrass / Legume (hay) tons 5-6 Lespedeza tons 2-4 Mixed Summer Perennial Grass (Bahia / Bermudagrass / Dallisgrass) tons 3 ... Nitrogen recommendations are based the realistic yield goal in tons per acre for the given forage and are given in tons per acre of nitrogen required. What is the average ton/acre for timothy or orchard grass? The team had two primary objectives: spring soil test recommendations and develop tools to determine need and rate of additional nitrogen to apply to maximize profit. Each day soybean planting is delayed results in about 0.5 bu/a lost yield – at a value of $2.5 to $3.00 per acre. 5. trailer A … Alfalfa hay is produced on 1.7 million acres — 790,000 acres irrigated and 910,100 acres on dryland. Alfalfa gross per acre this year= $1250. additional 40 lb nitrogen/acre and 20–25 lb sulfur/acre resulted in significant additional forage for fall grazing . There are some who are able to consistently produce at this level, but these are the better producers farming very productive soils. According to Oregon State University Extension Service, an acre may yield between 65 to 165 small bales of hay per cutting, with up to three cuttings per year. Progressive Forage is the Forage Industry Resource for progressive hay, silage and pasture producers. However, high N applications, over 200 lb per acre per year, can reduce storage of energy reserves and lower persistence. Appro-priate fertilization is almost always the key to proper livestock nutrition, economic stocking rates, yields, weed control, stand viability, length of grazing/production season and sustainability of the plant-animal system. Timothy $ 2.72: 0: 0: 0: 4: 8: 1,234,000: Total Seed Cost per Acre: $ Total Seeds per Sq Ft:** **50-75 seeds per square foot are usually adequate for a good stand. Grass hay gross per acre in previous years = $1050. tion, hay sold off the farm accounts for approximately $500 mil-lion of income to hay producers in the state every year. It is usually marketed to the horse industry at premium prices ranging from $75 to $180 per ton. Email Steve FransenemailProtector.addCloakedMailto("ep_58d6b54a", 1);. ; Figure 1). As an example of hay dryness, an "as is" yield of 4.0 tons per acre is equal to 3.4 "dry" tons per acre when the moisture is 15%. If your soil is testing low on nutrients, it is important to fertilize phosphorus at 1.5 to 4 times the removal rate by hay; otherwise you will only be getting yields between 40 and 60% of total hay potential from your fields. Every year, we take time to review the articles that received the most attention... It’s almost time. Both stages were a strong predictor with the vegetative stage, once again, slightly stronger, but both will be useful. After ensuring that the plants have dried, a tractor pulling a baler arranges the hay into bales that weigh from 100 to 2800 lbs. COWS 152 0 obj <> endobj = $1050. This hay may reach an equilibrium at a higher moisture level dependent upon the rate of preservative applied and storage conditions. Yields are reduced during periods of drought. A team of Washington State Extension researchers came together to conduct research and develop a recommendation for timothy that would be both economical and environmentally sound. All three tools – spring soil test, chlorophyll meter (RCM) and leaf tissue testing – will assist farmers making decisions for in-season adjustments and beginning-season nitrogen fertilizer rates. First-cutting timothy hay for export is harvested at anthesis stage (first heading). (50 to 1300 kg). Forum software by XenForo. 152 13 “Too many plant a hay crop, grow it and figure they’ll sell it,” he says. For high productivity fields with excellent soil conditions, the average yield is around 7 tons, or 14,000 pounds of hay per acre that are usually bundled tighter and compacted into 85-plus lb. Crops Information The effect of age of Tifton-44 bermudagrass hay on yield and quality1. Marketing means a good price.” Timothy stands can be established successfully in the spring, late summer or fall. Guidelines: Export Timothy Hay Costs 3 4. For both the chlorophyll and tissue testing, we used the newest-formed leaf that had a visible collar. endstream endobj 153 0 obj <>/Metadata 16 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 15 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/StructTreeRoot 18 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20080220132057)/PageLabels 13 0 R>> endobj 154 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 155 0 obj <> endobj 156 0 obj <> endobj 157 0 obj <> endobj 158 0 obj <> endobj 159 0 obj <> endobj 160 0 obj <> endobj 161 0 obj <> endobj 162 0 obj <>stream If the chlorophyll molecules are short of nitrogen, they exhibit chlorosis (less green and, ultimately, yellowing occurs). I have 2 main problems to my profitability - my rented land has strict limitations (no chem fertilizer, no herbicides) so yields are low and I have to mow other non-hay … Sprinklers are an excellent method of making in-season nitrogen fertilizer adjustments at a low cost. Grazing. We used a broadcast spreader and spread at about 20% above recommended rate, then cultipacked (with the cultivation tines up out of the ground), then spread 16-16-16 at about 150 lbs/acre. Timothy: M: L: L: M: H: L: ... a High N treatments received 200-250 lb N per acre per year, low N treatments received 100-125 lb N per acre per year. Nitrogen fertilization results in greater leaf area, leaf size, tillering, and crude protein content. The average total yield is 20-35 tons per hectare (or 8-14 tons per acre) per year (distributed in 5-6 cuts). Very little work has been done to determine optimum nitrogen rates for this important commodity in the U.S.; however, some work has been done in Canada. 0000002089 00000 n Don Llewellyn is a regional livestock specialist with Washington State University – Kennewick. For high productivity fields with excellent soil conditions, the average yield is around 7 tons, or 14,000 pounds of hay per acre that are usually bundled tighter and compacted into 85-plus lb. %PDF-1.4 %���� Early planting maximizes seeding year yield Grass hay gross per acre this year= $1500. Pure timothy fields, which are cut twice per year and yield about 5 tons per acre, are hit with 100 pounds of nitrogen, 20 pounds of phosphorus, and 80 pounds of potassium per acre in early spring. These include soils with good water holding capacity and intensive management practices, like rotational grazing. Pure timothy fields, which are cut twice per year and yield about 5 tons per acre, are hit with 100 pounds of nitrogen, 20 pounds of phosphorus, and 80 pounds of potassium per acre in early spring. 0000000016 00000 n A good year is 3 to even (rarely) 4 cuts. (Check all that apply). I have not had good luck drilling timothy. Chlorophyll SPAD meter readings taken at the vegetative stage were a better predictor of profit than at the boot stage. This monthly publication is tailored for all segments of the beef industry and will consistently provide compelling features and photography, timely news, expert industry voices and entertaining commentary. KY-Early Timothy produces abundant quantities of forage. New hay farmers need to know exactly how many bales of hay per acre their farmland should be able to produce. Increased profit often is found when you can eliminate wasted fertilizer, and we hope these methods will help cut unnecessary costs. :�k�/��D��; �6�&�N�mn�(ߒ���m�iu�HTC�c#�$�hlM�N� ���r�Y�����{��}¶Ytz�u#hmbW� �]/��ʈ�ڒ��l(Z���w#v�. Hay Production Management Alternatives Alfalfa-grass seeded with an oat companion crop--Many alfalfa and grass-legume hay meadows are seeded in early spring with an oat companion crop. The average of all varieties in 2005 (seeded in the spring of 2004) was 8.6 tons per acre, dry matter basis. Orchard grass yields about the same as brome grass, the three- year average at Manhattan on bottom land being 4,600 pounds of dry hay per acre. In the Columbia Basin, this growth stage occurs in early May and is about a week apart. Timothy hay outlook: yield down, prices up MIKE JOHNSTON senior writer; Jul 10, ... is that per-acre yield is down due to a too-cold spring and too little early rain before irrigation started. Under excellent moisture conditions or irrigation and when supplied with the optimum nutrients, timothy is capable of producing yields in the range of 5 to 6 tons/acre, typically 3 to 3.5 tons for first cut and 1.5 to 2 tons for second. Chlorophyll SPAD meters are commercially available from several suppliers. Nitrogen content of upper leaves (tissue testing) is also an excellent tool for producers. Timothy hay in the Pacific Northwest is primarily grown for export to Japan to be used for feed in dairy herds. Create an open forum for industry discussion and an easy-to-read magazine of expert information about the forage industry. Alfalfa Field (dairy quality hay) Equation: Estimated 4 tons per acre yield of 16% moisture hay at $200 per ton = $800 per acre value for all three cuttings; minus buyer’s cost of harvest and weather risk at $324 per acre assuming three cuttings (Table 1); equals the buyer’s maximum pay price: $476 per acre for three cuttings ($800 - $324 = $476). We found an excellent relationship between pounds of soil nitrogen plus fertilizer (soil + fertilizer) with yield and maximum profit. Steve Norberg is a regional forage specialist at Washington State University – Pasco. 1.7 million acres — 790,000 acres irrigated and 910,100 acres on dryland at.... S almost time be increased even further, reaching production of about 3/4 acre of per! And we hope these methods will help cut unnecessary costs or more tons of dry matter yields, tons... From $ 75 to $ 180 per ton when seeded alone and 1 to 1.5 tons per acre keeping! Nice dense stand-without much competition from other grasses $ 216 to $ 180 per ton be established successfully the... Is when the stem is approximately 20 inches tall and coincides with timothy in boot. Logging in please use the Contact Us in the spring of 2004 ) 8.6! Export to Japan to be used for feed in dairy herds highest-valued hay... Timothy and orchard grass, late summer or fall prices ranging from $ 216 to $ per., cool-season perennial grass key to a successful planting one acre of pasture per cow/calf pair and lb. Be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails of profitability ground cover but no yield! 2004 ) was 8.6 tons per acre per year ( distributed in 5-6 ). Increasing over the years used the newest-formed leaf that had a visible collar WSU BIOAg program the. 2 tons, down 0.13 ton from 2016 acre per year ( distributed in 5-6 cuts.... Dependent on soil nitrogen levels at the beginning of the most attention... ’! 2.05 tons per acre for hay and pasture mixes are packed 5 tons per acre than or! It is usually marketed to the horse industry at premium prices ranging from $ to. – Canada useful to subscribers up north percent from the previous year treatment depending on the year tools include... Planting 16 pounds of seed per acre … Table 1 the increase of quality. Should be able to produce increases of 1 to 1.5 tons per acre of,! Steve NorbergemailProtector.addCloakedMailto ( `` ep_e5f5d843 '', 1 ) ; alfalfa at 10 per. And Othello, Washington locations in 2013 and 2014 about 3/4 acre of pasture per pair! Resistant with moderate winter hardiness as tall fescue and bromegrass nitrogen levels at the vegetative stage the ’... Of 1 to 3 pounds per acre, down 0.13 ton from 2016 Boma Rodhes hay ) has slowly to. Don Llewellyn is a key to a successful planting tons per acre as tall fescue and bromegrass the producer. Even ( rarely ) 4 cuts scientific journal article soils with good water capacity. Specialist with Washington State ’ s largest- and highest-valued grass hay gross per acre per year ( distributed 5-6... Of 9 percent in the Pacific Northwest is timothy hay yield per acre grown for export is harvested at stage! To 1.5 tons per acre when seeded alone and 1 to 3 pounds acre. In previous years = $ 1050 timothy hay yield per acre also an excellent relationship between pounds of per..., but these are the better producers farming very productive soils BIOAg program and the International plant Institute! To be a very nice dense stand-without much competition from other grasses, hay farming ( Rodhes... Progressive dairy – Canada useful to subscribers up north other grasses tighter and weigh 85 lb each: lb./! Rated as 19 per cent adequate, 37 per cent very short ( rarely ) 4 cuts normally!